sábado, 3 de julho de 2010

Bellini, Vincenzo - Norma


Norma - Edita Gruberova
Adalgisa - Elina Garanca
Pollione - Aquiles Machado
Oroveso - Alastair Miles
Clotilde - Judith Howarth
Flavio - Ray M. Wade

Staatsphilharmonie Rheinland-Pfalz
Vocalensemble Rastatt
Friedrich Haider, 2005

1 - - - - - - 2

Outras Normas...

[1955] Callas, Del Monaco, Simionato - A. Votto

[1960] Callas, Corelli, Ludwig - T. Serafin

[1972] Caballé, Domingo, Cossotto - C. F. Cillario


2 comentários:

Chiaroscuro disse...

Gruberova is absolutely horrendous as Norma, thanks for uploading though :D

Alê disse...

1 - Interessante o comentário que certa vez eu li numa página da Amazon...
2 - Ópera em primeiro lugar é algo para quem gosta; em segundo, é algo para quem gosta e entende.

Norma is an opera of common misconceptions. It does not hold the popularity of Carmen, Aida, or La Boheme, and performances of it remain rare. Its elusiveness can be attributed to the rare mastery it requires to perform it adequately, and the sophistication it requires for it to be truly appreciated by opera-goers. Rosa Ponselle, Maria Callas, Joan Sutherland, Renata Scotto, and Montserrat Caballe belong to the very exclusive club of great Normas in the 20th Century. Great Adalgisas are even more rare. But now we have Edita Gruberova. Edita Gruberova is a tremendous star in Europe, especially in Germany and Austria, although she does not sing anymore in the US and is completely underappreciated here because of her underrepresentation. She made this recording at 58, and contrary to almost any other singer at that age, is at the very top of her form. The Slovakian dramatic coloratura is one of the greatest wonders in operatic longevity ever.

It is grossly incorrect to call Norma a "bel canto" opera, nor can it be sung in a bel canto style. Norma's vocal type is not the traditional coloratura of the bel canto era. Norma must sing fast, ornamented runs with the agility of a coloratura but combined with the dark resonance of a dramatic soprano. Richard Wagner, who would later compose some of opera's greatest music for the dramatic dramatic soprano, found inspiration in Bellini's music, and at times in the opera Norma, one could mistake his writing for Wagner's. Bellini, in fact, predated Wagner. While bel canto elements can be isolated in parts of the opera, it is an oversimplification to consider Norma a bel canto opera because of the convergence of so many other elements that would set the stage of the more dramatic and darker periods that would enter later into the genre.

Gruberova perceives the complexities of the role and has fully reinterpreted Norma in an original manner. While Maria Callas revolutionized this role in the 50's, many of her successors imitated her style. Gruberova sings the role with complete freshness. Although she is noted for her superior bel canto interpretations, and her dramatic coloratura voice tends more towards the coloratura side than the dramatic, it is a misinterpration to claim that she sings the opera in a bel canto style. In my opinion, the most moving parts are those that she sings more slowly in the lower register that she brings out with her great expressiveness. Her interpretation of "Dormono entrambi," when Norma is driven to almost kill her children, is perhaps the most stirring of the whole recording.

Elina Garanca is a fine Adalgisa. She is appropriately matched with Gruberova, especially because he darker tone distinguishes her as a mezzo from Gruberova's relatively higher timbre. Garanca has remarkable flexibility and range for a mezzo, and her high C's are powerful and secure, which is rare for mezzos.

This is my favorite studio recording of Norma along with the Sutherland and Horne one. However, despite its greatness, it still does not surpass the live 1955 Norma with Callas and del Monaco.